Stutthof was a Nazi German concentration camp located in the forests near Gdansk. It was the first concentration camp created by the Nazis outside Germany and it was also the last camp liberated by the Allies at the end of WW2. Initially, it was a civil prison camp for political enemies of the Nazi regime and was quickly filled with Polish intellectuals and prisoners-of-war. Within 5 years of its existence Stutthof grew to be a concentration camp intended for over 100,000 people. 65,000 people of more than 30 nationalities died here as a result of terrible living conditions, slave labour, diseases, tortures and executions by shooting, hanging, murder or in gas chambers.